What are the causes of PCOS?

A hormonal issue during the reproductive years is called polycystic ovarian syndrome. Periods may not come on frequently if you have PCOS or you may get long-lasting periods. Additionally, you can have an excess of the hormone androgen in your body. In those with PCOS, a number of small fluid sacs develop around the ovary’s outer edge. These are known as cysts. Immature eggs are present in small cysts filled with fluid. The term for these is follicles. The follicles don’t consistently release eggs. If you have PCOS problem choose the hospital which offers the best treatment for PCOSIn this post, you can see the causes of PCOS:

What causes PCOS?

Although the precise aetiology of PCOS is unknown, there do appear to be linked to genetics, family history, the hormones that are elevated during our growth in the womb before birth, lifestyle, and environment.

Family history

Since PCOS has not yet been linked to a single gene, the connection is probably complicated and involves several genes. An immediate female relative with PCOS, such as a mother, aunt, sister, or daughter, is 50% more likely to have it in PCOS-positive women. Families with PCOS are also frequently affected by type two diabetes.

Hormone levels

An imbalance of the hormones insulin and androgens in the body brings on the symptoms and signs of PCOS. One of insulin’s functions in the body is to prevent excessive blood glucose, also known as sugar or energy increases after meals. It accomplishes this by unlocking the body’s cells and enabling glucose to enter the cells from circulation. The blood glucose levels are reduced as a result.

Insulin resistance

Insulin resistance affects about 85% of all PCOS-afflicted females. If you have insulin resistance, the cells in your body stop responding to insulin as they should and instead inhibit glucose absorption. This indicates that your body isn’t using the available insulin to maintain stable blood sugar levels. As a result of the insulin’s inefficiency, the body responds by manufacturing more insulin. The ovaries produce more androgens, like testosterone, when insulin levels are higher.

Lifestyle factors, such as being overweight due to diet or physical inactivity, can contribute to insulin resistance. But genetic factors can also contribute to insulin resistance, affecting females of any weight range. According to the evidence, insulin resistance affects roughly 95% of women with PCOS who are overweight and about 75% lean women.


Androgens also referred to as man hormones, are typically found in both men and women, albeit in much lower concentrations in the latter. Androgens are produced in trace levels in the bodily tissues of all females, including the ovaries and the adrenal glands. Women with PCOS causes experience symptoms like increased body hair growth, scalp hair loss, and acne due to elevated androgen levels. They also contribute to symptoms including irregular ovulation and menstrual cycles.

Weight & lifestyle

PCOS can affect both thin and obese women. However, PCOS-positive women are more likely to be overweight or obese. Insulin resistance, which is also believed to play a significant role in the onset of PCOS and its symptoms, is exacerbated by being overweight. The levels of both hormones that cause PCOS symptoms rise with excess weight.

Wrapping it up

Hopefully, you will learn about the causes of PCOS. If you are suffering from PCOS, you need the choose a good hospital that offers the best treatment for PCOS. Treating PCOS earlier will help you to cure it quickly.